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Counseling Center

Mindfulness Research

We offer the same Mindfulness approaches used in several scientifically tested wellness programs.  The original such program is Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), developed at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.  MBSR and other mindfulness programs have been implemented at hundreds of hospitals, clinics, university counseling centers, and business settings due to their effectiveness and popularity. Such programs are currently offered at the State University of New York Stony Brook Counseling Center, Duke Center for Integrative Medicine, Columbia University, University of Virginia, and the Harvard School of Public Health, just to name a few.     

Mindfulness techniques which are the foundation of these programs develop abilities for:

  • Relaxed awareness of the present moment
  • Psychological flexibility
  • Releasing unhelpful attachment or aversion
  • Distress tolerance and impulse control
  • Clarity and awareness of thought patterns
  • Increased insight     

The techniques for developing such experiences include attention regulation and skillful use of the mind-body connection. These techniques are first practiced by themselves and are then applied to the challenges of everyday life.      

Research findings related to MBSR and other Mindfulness programs are listed below with associated references in alphabetical order. 

Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction has been shown to result in:

  • Improved health-related quality of life
  • Increased sense of life meaning and manageability 
  • Reduced anxiety & depression
  • Enhanced self-esteem and activity levels
  • Reduced chronic pain and physical distress
  • Fewer panic type experiences
  • Strengthened immunity
  • Increased social activity and vitality
  • Reduced tension, anger, and fatigue
  • Increased sleep quality  
  • Reduced pain-related drug use
  • Brain activity associated with positive emotion

Other Mindfulness based research has demonstrated:

  • Improved emotion regulation, reduced anxiety
  • Halved rates of depression
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Optimal states of relaxed alertness
  • Decreased psychiatric hospitalizations 
  • Reduced harmful behaviors
  • Reduced substance abuse
  • Decreased interpersonal problems
  • Fewer and less intense headaches

REFERENCES         

Bach, Patricia; Hayes, Steven C. (2002) The use of acceptance and commitment therapy to prevent the rehospitalization of psychotic patients: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology. 70, 51, 1129-1139   

Bissett, R. Thorman (2002)  Processes of change:  Acceptance versus 12-step in polysubstance-abusing methadone clients. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.  Vol 63,( 2-B).             

Block, Jennifer A. JR. Acceptance or change of private experiences: A comparative analysis in college students with public speaking anxiety. (2003) Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: the Sciences & Engineering. Vol 63(9-B).   

Davidson, Richard J; Kabat-Zinn, Jon; Schumacher, Jessica; Rosenkranz, Melissa; Muller, Daniel; Santorelli, Saki F; Urbanowski, Ferris; Harrington, Anne; Bonus, Katherine; Sheridan, John F. (2003). Alternations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine. Vol 65(4), 564-570.    

Delmonte, Michael M. (1985) Meditation and anxiety reduction: A literature review. Clinical Psychology Review. Vol 5(2) 91-102.   

Dixit, S. P; Agrawal, A; Dubey, G. P. Management of essential hypertension by using biofeedback technique. Pharmacopsychoecologia. Vol 7(1) 1994, 17-19.      

Dunn, B. Hartigan, J. Mikulasa, W. (1999)  Concentration and Mindfulness Meditations:  Unique Forms of Consciousness?  Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 24, 147 – 165 

Fried, Robert. Breathing as a clinical tool. (2000) [Chapter] Mostofsky, David I. (Ed); Barlow, David H. (Ed). The management of stress and anxiety in medical disorders. 100-118.    

Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990) Full Catastrophe Living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York, Dell Publishing        

Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R., and Sellers, W. (1986) Four-year follow-up of a meditation-based stress reduction program for the self-regulation of chronic pain: treatment outcomes and compliance. Clinical Journal of Pain, 2, 159-173      Kabat-Zinn, Jon; Lipworth, Leslie; Burney, Robert. (1985) The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. Vol 8(2), 163-190 

Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A.O., Kristeller, J., et al. (1992) Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 936-943  

Linehan, M.M., Dimeff, L.A., Reynolds, S.K., Comtois, K.A., Welch, S.S., Heagerty, P., Kivlahan, D.R. (2002). Dialectical behavior therapy versus comprehensive validation plus 12-step for the treatment of opioid dependent women meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 67(1), 13-26.            Linehan, Marsha M; Armstrong, Hubert E; Suarez, Alejandra; Allmon, Douglas; et al. (1991) Cognitive-behavioral treatment of chronically parasuicidal borderline patients. Archives of General Psychiatry. 48(12), 1060-1064.  

Linehan,M.M., Heard,H.L., Armstrong,H.E. (1993). Naturalistic follow-up of a behavioral treatment for chronically parasuicidal borderline patients. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 971-974.         

Linehan,M.M., Schmidt,H., Dimeff,L.A., Craft,J.C., Kanter,J., Comtois,K.A. (1999). Dialectical behavior therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder and drug-dependence.  American Journal on Addiction, 8(4), 279-292

Lynch, T.R., Morse, J.Q., Mendelson, T., Robins, C.J. (2003). Dialectical behavior therapy for depressed older adults: A randomized pilot study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11(1), 33-45.  

Ma, S.H., & Teasdale, J.D. (2002). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression: Replication and Exploration of Differential Relapse Prevention Effects. Submitted for publication.      

Miller, J., Fletcher, K. Kabat-Zinn, J., (1995)  Three-year follow up and clinical Implications of mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders.  General Hospital Psychiatry.  17(3), 192 – 200                 

Orsillo, S. M; Batten, S. V. (2002)  ACT as treatment of a disorder of excessive control: Anorexia. Cognitive & Behavioral Practice. 9(3), 253-259.         

Reibel, D.K., Greeson, J.M., Brainard, G.C., Rosenzwiscz, S.  (2001).  Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health-related quality of life in a heterogeneous patient population.  Center for Integrative Medicine, Philadelphia. 

Riley, Edwin Ernest. (2000) Mindfulness-based stress reduction: A comprehensive program model. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: the Sciences & Engineering, 60(10-B), 5232.  

Robinson, Frederick Patrick. Psycho-endocrine-immune response to mindfulness-based stress reduction in HIV-infected individuals.  Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: the Sciences & Engineering. Vol 63(1-B), Jul 2002, 179, 

Segal, Z. Williams, J. Teasdale, J. (2002)  Mindfulness – Based CognitiveTherapy for Depression.  New York:  Guilford Press  

Shapiro, S. L., Bootzin, R. R., Figueredo, A. J., Lopez, A. M., and Schwartz, G. E.  (2003).  The efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction in the treatment of sleep disturbance in women with breast cancer. An exploratory study.  Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 54,  85-91  

Sharma. M. P.; Kumaraih, V.; Mishra, H.; Balodhi, J.P (1990)  Therapeutic effects of Vipassana Meditation in tension headache. Journal of Personality & Clinical Studies. 6(2), 201-206.            

Tacon, A. M., McComb, J.,  Caldera, Y., Randolph, P.  (2003).Mindfulness meditation, anxiety reduction, and heart disease: A pilot study. Family & Community Health,  26(1), 25-33. 

Tloczynski, Joseph; Tantriella, Michele. (1998) A comparison of the effects of Zen breath meditation or relaxation on college adjustment. Psychologia. 41(1), 32-43.             Teasdale, J.D., Segal, Z.V., Williams, J.M.G., et al. (2000) Prevention of Relapse/Recurrence in Major Depression by Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 615-623    

Valentine, E., Sweet, P., (1999)  Meditation and attention:  a comparison of the effects of Concentrative and mindfulness meditation on sustained attention.  Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 2, 1, 59 – 70           

Verheul, R., van den Bosch, L.M.C., Koeter, M.W.J., de Ridder, M.A.J., Stijnen, T., van den Brink, W. (in press). A 12-month randomized clinical trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for women with borderline personality disorder in the Netherlands. British Journal of Psychiatry.   

Weissbecker, Inka; Salmon, Paul; Studts, Jamie L; Floyd, Andrea R; Dedert, Eric A; Sephton, Sandra E. (2002) Mindfulness-based stress reduction and sense of coherence among women with fibromyalgia.  Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. Vol 9(4), 297-30.  

Wolfsdorf, B.A.; Zlotnick, Caron (2001).  Affect management in group therapy for women with posttraumatic stress disorder and histories of childhood sexual abuse.  Journal of  Clinical Psychology. 57(2), 169-181.

 


 

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