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You're concerned that you may have a problem with food and your body. Maybe you worry about food, dieting and changing your body more than you'd like. Or maybe a strict exercise regimen is getting in the way of your schoolwork and spending time with friends.
It can be scary to consider talking with a health professional about this problem. it is very normal to feel this way but treatment can help.
There are many treatment options available on and off campus. An intake evaluation at the Counseling Center can help determine what type of services will best help you.
Counseling Center: The Center offers a variety of services for students experiencing eating and body image image issues. Services including assessment and referral, individual and group counseling, Student Bodies, and workshops. 410-704-2512
Recent studies suggest that 1 in 5 college women struggle with an eating disorder. Signs of eating disorders include: preoccupation with food and thinness, excessive exercise, refusal to eat, noticeable and extreme weight loss, depressed mood, withdrawal from friends, low self-esteem, and negative body image.
Eating disorders impact a wide range of students from heterosexual men, women of color, international students, and sexual minorities.
Anorexia involves an attempt to control one's weight by restricting the amount of food eaten. Anorexia tends to begin during high school or college with an attempt to "lose a few pounds” which then may lead to a tremendous fear of becoming fat. Individuals struggling with anorexia may lose their menstrual periods, feel physically cold often, suffer from dry skin and hair, low blood pressure, and experience heart difficulties. Concentration can become diminished, impacting a student’s ability to learn and do well in classes. The malnourishment associated with anorexia may lead to death.
Bulimia involves a cycle of uncontrolled eating, or "binging", followed by purging behaviors. Purging behaviors may include vomiting, the use of laxatives, and excessive exercise. The physical effects of bulimia can be quite serious including damage to tooth enamel, stomach, esophagus, kidney problems, and seizures. Electrolyte imbalances can result in sudden cardiac failure and death.
Binge Eating Disorder is a condition in which people binge on large numbers of calories at one time, but do not purge. Compulsive overeaters feel out of control with their eating habits, and may suffer from low self-esteem and body image. They may eat when they feel stressed, or may binge after attempting to eat normally for a period of time. Because of the secretive nature of their eating, compulsive overeaters often feel isolated, but they may fear being ostracized if others were to find out.
Body image is how an individual perceives, feels and experiences her or his body. It involves how you think and feel about your appearance and what it is like to live in your body. Body image exists on a continuum with individuals who largely feel positively about their body at one end of the continuum. These individuals do not tie their self esteem to their pant size or whether they are perceived attractive by others. They base their self esteem on a variety of factors. At the other end of the continuum are those individuals who feel very negatively about their body the majority of the time, experiencing shame related to their appearance. These individuals are more likely to tie their self worth to their body shape and level of attractiveness. People with negative body image are more likely to develop eating disorders.
It is estimated that around eighty percent of all women struggle with their body image. It is also believed that an increasing number of men feel negatively about their bodies. An individual’s body image is impacted by many factors including one’s overall self esteem, relationships and exposure to the media.
There are many ways to improve one’s body image. One strategy is to seek out individual and/or group counseling. An additional strategy involves reading one of the many self-help books available on this topic. See “Reading List” section of this webwebpage.
How to help a student who may be struggling with an eating disorder:
It can be worrisome to believe that a friend, roommate or loved one may be experiencing an eating disorder. It is important to speak with the student about your concerns in order to offer support and let the student know that you care. The attached are some suggestions for beginning a conversation