minoring in Geography must complete a minimum of 21 units. Six units
will be at the 100 level (physical geography and either GEOG 102, 105,
or 109/110) with the remainder at the 200-400 level. A maximum of 6 units may be taken at the
200 level and all course selections must be made in consultation with a
faculty advisor. A grade equivalent of 2.00 or higher is required in all
courses in the minor.
Electives (15 units)
Geographic Information Sciences (GISciences) is an integrative, skills-based discipline that facilitates observation and analysis at global scales, employing a spatial perspective that is useful to many disciplines. The minor in GISciences provides students with basic professional skills for conducting spatial analysis, combining conceptual frameworks with technical proficiencies in tools such as geographic information systems, remote sensing, global positioning systems, cartography, and spatial statistics. The minor works well with a variety of majors from the College of Business and Economics, the College of Health Professions, the College of Liberal Arts, and the College of Science and Mathematics. GISciences is a growing field and Towson University is recognized as a GISciences leader in Maryland. Students graduating with GISciences skills are in demand by employers, due to the large number of academic, private, government, and nonprofit organizations that are creating or expanding their GIS capabilities. The minor is awarded upon completion of a minimum of 21 units of required and elective courses. A maximum of 6 units from other departments may be counted toward the minor, with the approval of the program director. Students are strongly encouraged to complete a GIS internship with a government agency or business.
GEOG 221 Interpretation of Maps (3) OR
Understanding and Communicating through Maps (3)
GEOG 323 Cartography and Graphics I (3) OR
Computer Mapping (3)
Quantitative Methods in Geography (3) or approved statistics course
GEOG 321 Interpretation of Aerial Photographs (3)
GEOG 414 GIS Applications (Spatial Analysis and Geographic Information Systems) (3)
GEOG 416 Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing (3)
GEOG 470-9 Seminar: Selected Topics (in GIS) (3)
GEOG 491 Internship (1-6; 3 maximum toward minor)
GEOG 495 Directed Readings in Geography (GIS topics) (3)
GEOG 496 Independent Study in Geography (GIS topics) (3)
Other lower- and upper-division computer science courses, as well as GIS applications courses offered by other departments may be considered as electives, with the approval of the department chair.
Students minoring in meteorology will be provided with an introduction to atmospheric principles and meteorological phenomena such as heat waves, drought, hurricanes and severe thunderstorms. It is suitable for students who wish to be informed about this field and might pursue careers in which a background in meteorology is relevant or important, such as environmental policy, mass communication, government, and industry. Students should note that the minor in meteorology does not require the type of coursework in calculus, physics, and chemistry necessary for careers and graduate work in meteorology.
The minor is awarded upon completion of a minimum of 24 units of required and elective courses. At least one course elective must come from outside the department, with the Department of Geography and Environmental Planning accepting up to 12 units of electives from other departments. Note that some of the electives may have pre-requisites associated with them.
GEOG 101 Physical Geography 
GEOG 416 Remote Sensing of the Environment 
Students wishing to pursue a minor with an emphasis in broadcast meteorology could also consider the following courses as part of the 12 units of electives, with approval from the department chair: