I.Policy Statement:TowsonUniversity enforces a mandatory
pre-matriculation immunization requirement to reduce the incidence
and risk of vaccine-preventable disease in the college community.
II.Reason for Policy:
This policy is consistent with the recommendations of the Advisory
Committee on Immunization Practices of the U.S. Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention, the Maryland Department of Health and Mental
Hygiene, and the American College Health Association's
Recommendations for Institutional Pre-matriculation Immunizations
III.Responsible Executive and Office:
Responsible Executive:Vice President for Student Affairs
IV.Entities Affected by this Policy:
All undergraduate and graduate degree and non-degree students,
regardless of credit hours, taking courses on Towson’s main campus
or any of its satellite facilities (Shady Grove, Southern Maryland
Higher Education Center, HEAT, and Hagerstown) are covered under
Entities Exempted from this Policy:
Students taking courses online, overseas, at their place of
employment if employment is off-campus, or at any of the city/county
schools, are exempt from this policy.
1.Measles, Mumps, Rubella
Two doses of MMR vaccine given at least 28 days apart and after 12
months of age.
Acceptable alternative proof of immunity:Positive antibody titer to measles, mumps, and rubella (must
submit copy of titer results) OR birth date before 1957.In the event of an outbreak, those born before 1957 may be
required to show titer proof of immunity and, if negative titer,
receive one dose MMR.
Students must have completed the childhood series (≥4
doses of DTaP*) and provide proof of a single dose of
adult Tdap vaccine
(Adacel or Boostrix) given at
or after 11 years of age, regardless of the date of any prior
Tetanus or Td** booster. A Td
booster will be accepted in place of Tdap only if the pertussis
component is medically contraindicated.
*DTaP is the vaccine given to children < 7 yrs of
age to protect against Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis.
Tdap is the adult version of the same vaccine given to
adolescents and adults10 and over. The “a” in DTaP
and Tdap stands for “acellular,” meaning that the pertussis
component contains only a part of the pertussis organism.)
**Td is a tetanus-diphtheria vaccine given to
adolescents and adults as a booster shot every 10 years
3.Meningococcal Disease (Meningitis)
Who must comply: In accordance with
law, all students living in on-campus housing must be immunized
against meningococcal disease or sign a waiver indicating they
understand the risks of the disease and decline immunization.
Acceptable vaccine: Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine (protects
against 4 serogroups: A, C, Y, and W-135) given on/after age 16.*
Conjugate vaccine (Menactra,
Polysaccharide vaccine (Menomune) acceptable alternative if conjugate not available.
*If initial dose was given before age 16, booster dose with
conjugate vaccine is needed to protect student during college years.
Who must comply: all
international students on temporary visa status (regardless of prior
BCG inoculation) and all students who have lived outside the U.S. or Canada for six months or longer.
Acceptable TB screening: PPD
(Mantoux) intradermal skin test. Tine test not acceptable.
PPD must be completed at
TowsonUniversity or by a U.S. healthcare provider within one
year of entry to the University.
If PPD is positive: a
negative chest x-ray, performed in the
U.S.after the date of the positive PPD, must be documented.
A copy of the official report
by a chest physician or radiologist is required as proof.
Who must comply: all international students from countries
listed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as
endemic for wild poliovirus (currently Afghanistan, Angola,
Egypt, Ethiopia, India,
Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan,
Acceptable proof of immunity: three
doses IPV or OPV.
The Towson Health History/Immunization Form, available on the
University website, must be completed and returned to the Health center prior to the student's first semester or summer
session in attendance, along with any supportive documentation
(chest x-ray report, titer results, etc.).
Copies of school immunization
records or medical records documenting immunizations are acceptable.
Immunization records must be
signed by a health care provider.
are vaccine-specific and require verification by a healthcare
provider of the medical contraindication to a specific vaccine(s).
require completion of a Request for Exemption on the basis of
religious beliefs. Form is
available at the DowellHealthCenter and must be
In the event of a disease outbreak, students exempted from
immunization requirements may be requested by the University, at the
direction of public health authorities, to show titer proof of
immunity, become immunized, or remain off campus for the duration of
D.Consequences of Non-compliance
Students who fail to comply with the requirements in sections
A. and B. above will be blocked from registration. If a temporary
waiver is granted for one term, all requirements must be completed
before early registration for the subsequent term or registration
will be blocked.