Do Use the Online Lecture Strategy Sparingly
Avoid using the online lecture format as the central focus of your course. Students react positively to interaction based activities on the web. Furthermore, feedback is a necessary component to a student’s success in an online course. The online lecture format does not provide the opportunity for interaction or feedback.
Do Add Interactivity
Online lectures can be sometimes dull. Whenever possible, consider adding interactivity to engage the audience. Interactivity can include:
For a example using all of these techniques:
Do Make the Online Lecture User-Friendly
If you are creating a text-based online lecture, make the lecture easy to read and easy to navigate. A readable document is broken into main ideas that are clearly defined by the use of headings and white space. A navigable document includes hyperlinks that takes the user to clearly marked headings.
A text-based lecture should be “printer-friendly” to accommodate students who prefer to read paper-based content. A printer-friendly document contains dark text on a light or white background. To ensure readability, try printing your document before you post it to your course site.
If you are creating a multimedia-based lecture, make sure the audio/video is clear and easy to access. If you require plug-ins such as a RealAudio player or QuickTime player, include directions on accessing and installing the plug-in. When including multimedia, make sure that the lecture can be accessed on computers that are connected to the Internet by a modem. Ensure that your students can access the lecture from home without having to wait extended periods of time for the file to download. If you need help creating a multimedia-based lecture, please contact CIAT at x4-2005. Ask to speak to Ron Santana, lead Multimedia Services.
Do Supplement the Lecture With an Advanced Organizer or Outline
Create an advanced organizer or outline that your students can follow while participating in an online lecture.
Do Use Sound Graphic Design Principles
Sound graphic design will assist in the readability of a document, consequently enhancing the student’s learning experience. Consider using the following design principles when developing your online lecture:
Do Ask Open-ended Questions and Require Your Students to Respond
Ask open-ended questions that will require your students to reflect on the lecture. Require your students to respond to the questions on paper or in the discussion board area of your course site by a certain date.
Do Supplement the Lecture With Other Learning Activities
Based on the content of the online lecture, consider asking your students to participate in an online discussion, act out a scene, research and write a paper, or make decisions on important issues.
Be careful when using an online lecture by itself! An online lecture is great for presenting material. However, if you want your students to apply the material in any way, you will need to supplement the lecture with more engaging learning activities such as an online discussion, simulations, case studies, group activities, and performance-based projects.
Don’t Post PowerPoint Slides by Themselves
Typically PowerPoint slides by themselves are insufficient. Include an accompanying audio or add more detail to the slides. Consider using the notes area to add more information to your slides.
Don’t Use Online Lectures and Expect Students to Memorize the Material
The lecture format is great for providing information. However, if you want your students to memorize the material, consider supplementing the lecture with advanced organizers, guided reading strategies, and outlines. Writing lectures in narrative format can also help student retain of material.
Don’t Repeat a Textbook
Don’t create an online lecture that repeats the text of an already published textbook. If you already have a textbook containing the same material you want to convey, why repeat it? Not only are you duplicating work, you may also breach copyright regulations.
Instead of repeating the textbook, consider enhancing the your lecture with real-life stories and examples that are based on textbook content.
For assistance with copyright questions, contact Rick Davis at 410-704-4116 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Office of Academic Innovation