Prevention is achieved through the application of multiple strategies. It is an ongoing process that must relate to each merging generation.
At the ATOD Prevention Center, we believe prevention is:
In general, the following factors must be present for a person to perform a change in behavior:
Prevention is a proactive process which empowers individuals and systems to meet the challenges of life events and transitions by creating and reinforcing healthy behavior and lifestyles by reducing risks contributing to alcohol, tobacco, and other drug misuse.
Individuals embrace the innovation according to their readiness to accept and try new ideas. Support for a new substance use behavior spreads as “trendsetters” talk about it.
Prevention strategies may direct messages to opinion leaders and then engage them to reach people who are more resistant to change.
Five stages or steps are used to alter personal behavioral patterns and lead to long-term change:
People can move from one stage to the next when they receive and process information. Some may even “downgrade” to a previous step.
People are motivated to change their behavior only as much as they value (or worry about) the results of their choices and expect these results to happen. People must also be confident they can carry out this new action.
A prevention strategy may focus on short-term consequences of a substance use and long-term positives of changing to a non-substance use behavior.
Tips and strategies to overcoming obstacles is key in a prevention strategy so that a person knows what to do and how to do it.
This model emphasizes the active involvement and development of communities to address health and social problems
Key features include: