Eye Movement Miscue Analysis Center/Lab

EMMA Equipment

The eye movement miscue analysis or EMMA lab is a place where researchers use eye tracking technology and miscue analysis to study reading.  Researchers use a desktop eye tracker and a mobile eye machine to examine how various participants read a variety of multimodal texts.  The Towson University EMMA Center also collaborates with other EMMA researchers to examine eye movements in reading.

Research Team


Liwanag, M., Martens, P., Martens, R., & Pelatti, P. (2017). Examining a reader’s meaning-making process with picturebooks using eye movement miscue analysis. Literacy Research: Theory, Method, and Practice, vol. 66. DOI: 10.1177/2381336917719256. 

Liwanag, M., Martens, P., Martens, R., & Pelatti, C. (2017). Supporting Multilingual Learners as Readers: Lessons from Eye Movement Miscue Analysis. English Journal. 106 (3), 79-82. 

Liwanag, M., Pelatti, C., Martens, R., & Martens, P. (2016). Children’s Eye Movements, Miscue Analysis Patterns, and Retellings When Reading a Counterpoint Picturebook. Literacy Research: Theory, Method, and Practice, DOI:10.1177/2381336916661535.

Research Presentations (2017-2018)

Building on Students’ Language Strengths: Using Eye Movement Miscue Analysis (EMMA) to Map Readers’ Strategies. March 2018. Midwinter Conference 2018 NCTE Assembly for Research (AR). Towson University, Towson, MD

Exploring Oral and Silent reading of Picturebooks Using Eye Movement Miscue Analysis. Symposium presentation on Meaning Beyond Words: Exploring the Meaningfulness of Reading with Eye Movement Miscue Analysis (EMMA) Research. December 1, 2017, 67th Annual Literacy Research Association Conference, Tampa, FL.

Understanding Eye Movements, Miscues, and the Comprehension of Picturebooks: A Case Study. Symposium on Miscue Across the Spectrum. July 21, 2017, 27th WLU Literacies for All Summer Institute, Tucson, AZ.

Eye Movement Miscue Analysis (EMMA) Methodology. July 20, 2017, EMMA Researchers’ Meeting. Tucson, AZ.

Understanding the Constructive Process of Reading Using Eye Movement Miscue Analysis (EMMA), April 24, 2017, College of Education Research Forum, Towson University.

Eye Tracking SIG Presentation: Eye Movement Miscue Analysis in a Reader’s Comprehension of Picturebooks. January 23, 2017, SET SIGnificance Conference. Minnegan Room, Towson University.

Past Presentations (2015-2016)


  • December 2, 66th Annual Literacy Research Conference, Nashville, TN.
  • July 18, Center for Expansion of Language and Thinking (CELT) Rejuvenation. New Haven, MO.
  • July 14, EMMA Researchers’ Meeting and WLU Literacies for All Summer Institute, St. Louis, MO.
  • June 10, EMMA Conference, Towson University.
  • March 28, College of Education Research Forum, Towson University.


  • December 4, Literacy Research Association (LRA) 65th Annual Conference, Carlsbad, CA
    November 14, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Annual Convention, Denver, CO
  • August 7, Reading Miscue Analysis Conference-Hofstra University, Long Island, NY
  • July 9, WLU Literacies for All Summer Institute, EMMA Researchers Meeting, Decatur, GA
  • April 27, College of Education Faculty Research Forum. Towson, MD

EMMA Lab Equipment

  • D7- Desktop Eye Tracker
  • Mobile Eye Tracker
  • Paradigm Elements
  • ASL Results Plus

New acquisitions through the SET 2016-2018 Grant funding

  • Over the Glasses frames for Mobile Eye
  • Wide-angle lens-96-degree field of view lens


If you have any questions about the EMMA lab, contact Maria Perpetua Liwanag (COE) at .