Prevention is achieved through the application of multiple strategies. It is an ongoing process that must relate to each merging generation.
At the ATOD Prevention Center, we believe prevention is:
Prevention is a proactive process which empowers individuals and systems to meet the challenges of life events and transitions by creating and reinforcing healthy behavior and lifestyles by reducing risks contributing to alcohol, tobacco, and other drug misuse.
At the ATOD Prevention Center, we use multiple public health models to frame our prevention and education based work. This allows us to ensure that our strategies are empirically based and culturally informed. Below, some of the framework models we use are outlined.
The SPF is a community-level, data-driven process that guides prevention experts through the steps needed to successfully address substance concerns in context. There are five steps the model including:
The model is guided by the principles of sustainability (e.g. the process of building an adaptive and effective system that achieves and maintains desired long-term results) and cultural competence (e.g. the ability of an individual or organization to interact effectively with members of diverse population groups).
Five stages or steps are used to alter personal behavioral patterns and lead to long-term change:
People can move from one stage to the next when they receive and process information. Some may even “downgrade” to a previous step.
This model emphasizes the active involvement and development of communities to address health and social problems
Key features include:
The socio-ecological model describes the interaction between, and interdependence of, factors within and across all levels of a health problem. It highlights people’s interactions with their physical and sociocultural environments.
"A set of ideas and practices aimed at reducing the harms associated with drugs and other risky behaviors and promoting positive change without requiring abstinence. Interventions truly start where the person is, with their goals, motivations, and unique needs in mind. Risky behavior is recognized to fall on a continuum of risk and negative consequences. Rather than the singular focus of abstinence, the goal becomes any positive change toward reduced risk" (Tartarsky, 2019).
ATOD peer educators are undergraduate students who receive training and provide education around substance use issues to the campus community. Through an interview process students are selected to serve as peer educators for a full academic year. For more information contact Jaclyn Webber at jwebber AT_TOWSON.